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Nikola Tesla Inventor

Nikola Tesla Inventor
Nikola Tesla was born a subject of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1856 in a mountainous area of the Balkan Peninsula known as Lika. His father Milutin, and his mother Djuka, were both Serbian by origin. Tesla's father was a stern but loving Orthodox priest, who was also a gifted writer and poet. At a young age, Tesla immersed himself in his father's library. Tesla's mother was a hard working woman of many talents who created appliances to help with home and farm responsibilities. One of these was a mechanical eggbeater. Tesla attributed all of his inventive instincts to his mother...

"Throughout space there is energy. Is this energy static or kinetic! If static our hopes are in vain; if kinetic — and this we know it is, for certain — then it is a mere question of time when men will succeed in attaching their machinery to the very wheelwork of nature." Nikola Tesla

 

Nikola Tesla Inventor

 

Nikola's birth place in Smiljan

is a village in the mountainous region of Lika in Croatia. It is located 6 km (3.7 mi) northwest of Gospic, and fifteen kilometers from the Zagreb-Split highway; its population is 418 (2011).

Folk traditions interpret the origin of the name Smiljan poetic legends. According to one legend, the place is named after Smilja, flowers that once grew there, the second, named after the beautiful girl Smiljani who lived in it. The third legend is named after a famous national hero Ilija Smiljani?. Smiljan is known best for being the birthplace of Nikola Tesla on the 10th July 1856. Due to celebration of the 150th anniversary of the birth of the Serbian electricity pioneer and inventor Nikola Tesla, Croatian officials opened a Tesla memorial complex, including a museum inside his restored childhood home.

Today, Tesla's birth house, together with the Serbian Orthodox church of St. Peter and Paul (built in 1765) and the surrounding area, represents a memorial complex with various exhibits of Tesla's inventions and a museum where the details of the inventor's life are shown. There is also a congress hall in a nearby building. The original memorial complex was built in 1956. During the Croatian War of Independence, several of the buildings were severely damaged by fire. The Croatian authorities restored it and reopened it in a 2006 ceremony with the highest dignitaries of Croatia as well as Serbia.

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Smiljan Nikola Tesla House Serbia

Smiljan Nikola Tesla Home in Serbia

Smiljan Nikola Tesla Inventor

 

(Biography Continued)...Tesla began his education at home and later attended gymnasium in Carlstadt, Croatia excelling in his studies along the way. An early sign of his genius, he was able to perform integral calculus in his mind, prompting his teachers to think he was cheating. During this period young "Niko" saw a steel engraving of Niagara Falls.

In his imagination there appeared a huge water wheel being turned by the powerful cataract. He said to an uncle that he would go to America one day and capture energy in this way. Thirty years later he did exactly that. Despite his early creativity, Tesla did not begin to think of himself as an inventor until he was a young adult. Passionate about mathematics and sciences, Tesla had his heart set on becoming an engineer but was "constantly oppressed" by his father's insistence that he enter the priesthood. At age seventeen, Tesla contracted cholera and craftily exacted an important concession from his father: the older Tesla promised his son that if he survived, he would be allowed to attend the renowned Austrian Polytechnic School at Graz to study engineering. Tesla's wish became a reality. At the Polytechnic school Tesla began his studies in mechanical and electrical engineering. One day a physics teacher showed Tesla's class a new Gramme dynamo that—by employing direct current—could be used as both a motor and a generator. After watching it for a time, Tesla suggested it might be possible to do away with a set of inefficient sparking connections known as commutators. This, his amused professor said, would be like building a perpetual motion machine! Not even Tesla could hope to achieve such a feat. For the next several years the challenge obsessed Tesla, who instinctively knew that the solution lay in electric currents that alternated.

It wasn't until age twenty-four, when Tesla was living in Budapest and working for the Central Telephone Exchange, that the answer came to him: One afternoon, which is ever present in my recollection, I was enjoying a walk with my friend in the city park and reciting poetry. At that age I knew entire books by heart, word for word. One of these was Goethe's Faust. The sun was just setting and reminded me of a glorious passage: The glow retreats, done is the day of toil; It yonder hastes, new fields of life exploring; Ah, that no wing can lift me from the soil Upon its track to follow, follow soaring! As I uttered these inspiring words the idea came like a flash of lightning and in an instant the truth was revealed. I drew with a stick on the sand the diagram shown six years later in my address before the American Institute of Electrical Engineers. This was the invention of the induction motor, a technological advance that would soon change the world.

Tesla Life and Legacy

 

 

New Yorker Hotel Tesla



Wardenclyffe Tower Nikola Tesla
Wardenclyffe Tower

 Nikola Tesla Inventor

Surroundings of Smiljan

In the surroundings are hill-forts Bogdani?, Smiljan and Kr?mar, prehistoric tombs, the churches of St. Anastasia, St. Mark and St. Vitus. The parish church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel was built in 1860.[6] A nearby village of Smiljansko Polje ("Field of Smiljan") has 135 residents.

 

Country: Croatia

County: Lika-Senj County

Municipality: Gospi?

 

Nikola Tesla Footsteps (10.7.1856 – 7.1.1943)

Nikola Tesla — a visionary, scientist and inventor. He mastered electricity and contributed to finding solutions for energy distribution, solutions that are cornerstones of the modern day civilization. Without his contributions, electricity could have ended up as one of many mishaps like cars with leaded gasoline and fridges with freon, both invented by Thomas Midgley during the same period.

Source By Mladen

Smiljan, Birth place of Nikola Tesla, 1856–1862 Tesla was born in Smiljan near Gospi?, a small town in the Lika region that used to be part of the Austrian Empire military border during the period of strong but decaying Turkish influence in Europe....

Gospi?, Home Town, 1862–1870 The Tesla family moved from nearby Smiljan to Gospic. During his early life, Tesla had to return to Gospi? on many occasions, sometimes against his will (from present day Slovenia he was expelled by police.

Karlovac, Higher Real Gymnasium, 1870–1873 The inventor and engineer Nikola Tesla attended the Higher Real Gymnasium in Karlovac starting in 1870 until he graduated with honours from the four-year course after only three years, when he was 17.

Graz, Polytechnic School, 1875–1878 Tesla enrolled at the Austrian Polytechnic School in Graz on a Military Border scholarship. In his first year, Tesla never missed a lecture, made the highest grades possible and started a Serbian cult.

Maribor, Expelled by Police, 1878–1879 It is unclear why, but upon leaving Austria, Tesla choose Maribor, small town in Austrian Empire present day Slovenia, as his next stop. He took his first job as a draftsman for a local engineering firm. It is unclear why, but upon leaving Austria, Tesla choose Maribor, small town in Austrian Empire present day Slovenia, as his next stop. He took his first job as a draftsman for a local engineering firm. Tesla spent his spare time in a pub called Happy Peasant where he played chess and cards. Tesla was reported to Maribor police because he did not have a residence permit. Administrative proceedings were started immediately and Tesla was returned to Gospi? under police guard.

Prague, Attends University Lectures, 1880–1881 Tesla's uncles, Petar and Pavle, came to his rescue and put together enough money to help him escape from Gospi?. Tesla travelled to Prague, but arrived too late to enroll in Karl-Ferdinand University.

Budapest, Epiphany, 1881–1882 Tesla's Uncle Pavle arranges for Tesla to work for Ferenc Puskas at the Budapest Telephone Exchange in Hungary, which was then under construction. When Tesla arrived, he found that the new business was not anywhere near operational and instead worked as a draftsman in the Central Telegraph Office.

Paris, Work for Edison, 1882–1883 Tesla and his good friend Anthony Szigety accepted positions with the Continental Edison Company “La Compagnie de la lumière Edison” which had recently been started in Paris.

Strasbourg, Building first AC motor, 1883–1884 On assignment by Continental Edison Company, Tesla was sent to Strasbourg, France to repair a new D.C. lighting system installed at the German Railway company which was damaged on a trial run. The government approved the job after the repairs, but Tesla never received the compensation he was promised for the work. Tesla demonstrates newly completed A.C. induction motor before Mr. Bauzin, former mayor of Strasbourg, and several potential investors. They watched the motor with interest, but it was apparent they did not understand the value of the invention.

strasbourg Nikola Tesla

New York, Edison Machine Works, 1884-1885 Edison employed Nikola Tesla in recently acquired Etna Iron Works that he renamed Edison Machine Works located in former 104 Goerck Street. Edison challenged Tesla to improve DC dynamo for the hefty sum of 50,000.00, but did not pay him, Edison mentioned it had been an inside joke.

The Tesla Electric Light & M'f'g Co. 1886–1887 According to the American electrical directory published by Star Iron Tower Co. in 1886, The Tesla Electric Light & M'f'g Co. was located in Irving street in Rahway, NJ. After Tesla left Edison he was approached by two investors from Rahway, NJ. They established business under Tesla name where Benjamin A. Vail was President and Robert Lane Vice President and Treasury of the newly established company.

New York, 89 Liberty St. Laboratory, 1887–1888 Laboratory was located on 89 Liberty St. In 1907 famous Singer building was erected on the same spot as one of the tallest buildings in New York. It was demolished in 1968 to make place for much more ...

Colorado Springs, Laboratory, 1899–1900 Approximate location of Tesla laboratory in Colorado springs is in residential area near crossroad of E. Kiowa St. and N. Foote Ave. as can be reconstructed from picture showing laboratory and still standing Union Printers House.

Wardenclyffe Tower, 1901–1917 The wood-framed tower was 186 feet (57 m) tall and the cupola 68 feet (20.7 m) in diameter. It had a 55-ton steel (some report it was a better conducting material, such as copper).

Over 700 patents!

New York, New Yorker hotel,1933–1943 Tesla died on January 7, 1943, about 22.30, in suite 3327 on the 33rd floor of the Hotel New Yorker, aged 86. New York, Funeral, 1943 The Cathedral of Saint John the Divine in Manhattan, New York City where Tesla funeral took place on January 12,1943. Beograd, Final rest place, 1957

 

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